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IRS Mileage Rates 2024: how much is it, what are the rules and how to calculate

IRS mileage rates are essential for taxpayers who use their vehicles for business, medical, moving, or charitable purposes. We tell you all the details.

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The IRS mileage rates are essential for taxpayers who use their vehicles for business, medical, moving, or charitable purposes. These rates help calculate the deductible costs associated with operating a vehicle. For 2024, the IRS has updated these rates to reflect changes in operating costs.

What is the IRS Mileage Rate?

The IRS mileage rate is a standard rate set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to calculate the deductible costs of operating a vehicle for various purposes. For 2024, the rates are as follows:

  • Business use: 67 cents per mile
  • Medical or moving purposes: 21 cents per mile
  • Charitable organizations: 14 cents per mile

These rates apply to all types of vehicles, including electric and hybrid-electric automobiles, as well as gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles.

What are the rules for using IRS Mileage Rates?

To use the IRS mileage rates for deductions, taxpayers must adhere to specific rules and guidelines:

  • Business use: Taxpayers can deduct mileage for business purposes if they are self-employed or if their employer does not reimburse them for mileage. The deduction is based on the number of miles driven for business purposes multiplied by the standard mileage rate.
  • Medical or moving purposes: Taxpayers can deduct mileage for medical appointments or moving expenses if they are active-duty members of the Armed Forces moving under orders to a permanent change of station. The deduction is calculated by multiplying the miles driven for these purposes by the applicable rate.
  • Charitable organizations: Mileage driven in service of charitable organizations can be deducted at the rate of 14 cents per mile. This rate is set by statute and remains unchanged from previous years.
  • Record keeping: Taxpayers must keep accurate records of their mileage, including the date, purpose, and number of miles driven. This documentation is crucial for substantiating the deduction if audited by the IRS.
  • First-Year election: Taxpayers must choose to use the standard mileage rate in the first year the vehicle is available for business use. In subsequent years, they can choose between the standard mileage rate and actual expenses.
  • Leased vehicles: If the standard mileage rate is chosen for a leased vehicle, it must be used for the entire lease period, including renewals.

How to calculate IRS Mileage Rates

Calculating the IRS mileage deduction is straightforward. Below is a step-by-step guide:

  • Determine the purpose: Identify the purpose of the mileage (business, medical, moving, or charitable).
  • Track mileage: Keep a detailed log of the miles driven for each purpose. Include the date, destination, and purpose of each trip.
  • Apply the appropriate rate: Multiply the total miles driven for each purpose by the corresponding IRS mileage rate. For example, if you drove 1,000 miles for business purposes in 2024, the calculation would be: [ 1,000 miles × 0.67  = $670 ]
  • Total the deductions: Add up the deductions for each category to determine your total mileage deduction.
  • Report on Tax Return: Report the total mileage deduction on your tax return. For business mileage, use Schedule C (Form 1040) if you are self-employed. For medical and moving expenses, use Schedule A (Form 1040) to itemize deductions. For charitable mileage, also use Schedule A.

IRS Mileage Rates for 2024

Understanding the IRS mileage rates for 2024 and the associated rules can help taxpayers maximize their deductions and reduce their taxable income. By keeping accurate records and applying the correct rates, you can ensure that you take full advantage of the available deductions for business, medical, moving, and charitable mileage.

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