The IRS new rule on the taxation of cryptocurrencies and how it affects your 2024 tax return

Get to know about the new IRS tax rule on cryptocurrencies and how it will affect your 2024 tax return


The IRS has introduced new regulations for the taxation of cryptocurrencies, which will significantly impact how digital asset transactions are reported and taxed. These changes aim to improve compliance and ensure that all taxable income from digital assets is accurately reported. The bill was first enacted in 2021 via the Inflation Reduction Act but its start date was postponed. Here’s a detailed look at the new rules and how they will affect your 2024 tax return.

Overview of the new IRS regulations on crypto

The U.S. Department of the Treasury and the IRS have issued final regulations requiring brokers to report sales and exchanges of digital assets, including cryptocurrencies. These regulations, which will take effect in 2026, are designed to close the tax gap related to digital assets and improve detection of noncompliance. The new rules are part of the broader effort to ensure high-income individuals comply with tax laws.

Key changes in reporting requirements

One of the most significant changes is the requirement for brokers to report certain sale and exchange transactions of digital assets. This includes custodial brokers, operators of digital asset trading platforms, hosted wallet providers, digital asset kiosks, and certain processors of digital asset payments. These brokers must report transactions on the new Form 1099-DA, which will be used to report digital asset transactions starting in 2025.

Impact on taxpayers

For taxpayers, the new regulations mean that all digital asset transactions must be accurately reported on their tax returns. This includes income from selling, exchanging, or otherwise disposing of digital assets. Taxpayers must answer a digital asset question on their tax forms and report all related income. This question appears on Forms 1040, 1040-SR, 1040-NR, and other relevant tax forms.

Reporting digital asset income

Taxpayers must report all income related to their digital asset transactions. For example, if you held a digital asset as a capital asset and sold, exchanged, or transferred it during the year, you must use Form 8949 to calculate your capital gain or loss and report it on Schedule D (Form 1040). This ensures that all taxable events involving digital assets are properly documented and taxed.

It might also be of interest to note that crypto investors have been given till January 1, 2024, to construct reasonable allocation for their reports on their basis as basis will now be specific to each digital currency wallet owned.

Penalties and compliance

The IRS has emphasized the importance of compliance with the new regulations. Failure to accurately report digital asset transactions can result in penalties. However, the IRS has also provided guidance to offer penalty relief and address technical issues related to information reporting. This balance aims to reduce the burden on taxpayers while ensuring compliance with tax laws.

How to prepare for your 2024 tax return

To prepare for your 2024 tax return, it’s essential to keep detailed records of all your digital asset transactions. This includes the date of acquisition, the amount paid, the date of sale or exchange, and the amount received. Accurate record-keeping will help you report your transactions correctly and avoid potential penalties.

Additionally, consider consulting with a tax professional who is knowledgeable about cryptocurrency taxation. They can provide guidance on how to navigate the new regulations and ensure that you comply with all reporting requirements.

IRS taxation of cryptocurrencies

The new IRS rules for the taxation of cryptocurrencies represent a significant shift in how digital asset transactions are reported and taxed. By understanding these changes and preparing accordingly, you can ensure that your 2024 tax return is accurate and compliant with the new regulations. Keeping detailed records and seeking professional advice will be crucial in navigating this evolving landscape.

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